Virginia Tax and Rent Rolls: A Checklist of Evidence

Virginia Tax and Rent Rolls: A checklist of Evidence: A variety of tax lists were generated before they became more standardized in 1782. This checklist will enable you to spot these valuable lists:
__Military Bounty (1759)
__Clothing, Uniforms
__Civilian Subsistence
__Damage Claims
__Bills of Credit (1777)
__Tobacco, public levy
__Treasury Notes
__Wheeled Carriages (1762)
(Except farm wagons)
2-wheeled chaise or chair
__Marriage Licenses (1775)
__Liquor, Cider
__Court Writs, Subpoenas, Petitions
__Ordinary Licenses
Free Negroes, Mulattoes, Indians,
Women aged 16 and above, all
Wives exempt)

Added 1777-78:
__Quitrents (Northern Neck)
__Plate (Silver)
__Messuages, Tenements
__Mulatto Servants
__Money in Hand
__Dower Rights
__Provisions to Wounded Soldiers
__Parish Poor
__Families of Soldiers
__Double tax on citizens who refuse
To take oaths of allegiance
Triple tax in 1778

Added 1779:
__Commodity Tax:
Bushel wheat
2 bushels Indian corn, barley, rye
10 pecks of oats
15 lbs hemp
28 lbs tobacco
__Rum, brandy
__Distilled Spirits from Grain
__Imports into VA:

Added 1780:
__Land Warrants
__Inspected Flour
__Riding Vehicles (included wagons)
__Glass Windows
__Factor’ Stock in Trade
__New Bills of Credit, Bank Notes
(All money was recalled)

Added 1781:
__Billiard Tables
__Land Patents
__Customs on sugar, coffee
3 copies of tax lists made:
__Public Accounts Auditor
__Sheriff or Tax Collector
__County Copy

Added 1782:
__Buck Skins
__Mares, Colts
__”Covering Horses” (studs)
__Stage Wagons

Taxes could be paid in any medium or currency: skins, tobacco, hemp, flour, Johannes Coins, Guineas, Moidors, Doubloons, Pistols.

Joan W. Peters. The Tax Man Cometh: Land and Property in Colonial Fauquier County, Virginia. Tax Lists from County Court Loose Papers, 1759-1782. 1999. Available Willow Bend Books, 100 Railroad Ave, Suite 104, Westminster MD 21157-5026. Introduction is one of the most complete treatments of taxation in Virginia I have read. I recommend it as essential reading if you have an ancestor during the Revolutionary War years.

Your favorite Virginia genealogist, Arlene Eakle

PS See new content on website–and please excuse my “bad hair day” at the county courthouse searching tax rolls. I knew I needed to have a hair cut!

This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply